El 12 de setembre se celebra el Dia Internacional d'Acció contra la Migranya sensibilitzar la població sobre aquesta patologia estesa però també bastant desconeguda, que afecta milers de persones al món, i que es caracteritza per mals de cap i mals de cap.
Segons l'Organització Mundial de la Salut (OMS), la migranya es classifica com a one of the vint malalties més incapacitants del mon: migraine symptoms have a great impact on the daily lives of people who suffer from migraine (both physically, emotionally and socially, as well as with family, work and social relationships)
In fact, in Spain, more than 50% of people with migraine have a degree of severe or very severe disability, with disability being very serious for almost 70% of those who suffer from chronic migraine.
Migraine is, worldwide, the leading cause of disability in children under 50
What is migraine?
Migraine is a first headache, whose episodes of pain usually last more than four hours. The pain is of moderate or severe intensity, is usually located on only one side of the head, and may be associated with nausea, vomiting, photophobia or phonophobia.
Migraine is a pathology that can be hereditary, characterized by a strong pulsating or throbbing pain on one side of the head, which can last more than 4 hours and is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, photophobia and phonophobia. In Spain, 1.5 million people suffer from chronic migraine and it often occurs in more women than in men.
It is the most numerous neurological disease in Spain and especially affects women, who make up 80% of patients
They can be repeated with a periodic frequency of approximately 15 days. Migraines can become chronic, due to the abuse of the use of drugs to treat them.
Migraines occur because nerve cells in the brain generate intense electrical activity, which affects some functions such as sight, balance, muscle coordination, sensitivity and language.
Some of the causes that can trigger a migraine are the following:
- Caffeine withdrawal.
- Changes in hormone levels during women's menstrual cycle or with the use of birth control pills.
- Sensitivity to loud noises or bright lights.
- Stress and anxiety.
- Changes in sleep patterns, such as not getting enough sleep.
- Susceptibility to strong odors.
- Alcohol intake.
- Tobacco use.
- Overlook some meals.
- Consumption of certain foods: dairy products, chocolate, products containing monosodium glutamate (MSG), citrus fruits, processed foods, peanuts, nuts.
The most characteristic symptoms of migraine are as follows, which may begin to occur at puberty:
- Pain usually on one side of the head, but often on both sides.
- Pain that is throbbing or beating.
- Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smell and touch.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Visual disturbances, accompanied by flashes of light to blind spots.
- Tingling on one side of the face, arm, or leg.
Does migraine have a cure?
Migraine has no cure, but it is a controllable pathology, by using drugs prescribed by a doctor, such as analgesics and beta-blockers to relieve headache and decrease the intensity of migraine.
Early diagnosis of migraine is essential to improve the loss of quality of life of people suffering from this disease. On the contrary, the delay in diagnosis prevents its treatment in the initial phases of the disease and can cause a significant aggravation of it.
Some actions that can improve migraine are:
- Drink water to avoid dehydration, especially if you have vomited.
- Rest in a quiet and dark room.
- Place a cold cloth over your head.
- Avoid smoking or drinking coffee or caffeinated beverages.
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages.
It is also convenient to practice relaxing physical activity such as yoga, as it combines physical postures that stretch and strengthen the muscles with deep breathing, relaxation and meditation.